In Humaitá, a town located on the banks of the Madeira River and on the crossroads of two Amazonian major highways, a local infrastructure project is touted to bring growth and progress. But it fuels fears of deforestation as the agricultural frontier advances.
Peru ended 2014 with 112,800 hectares less in the Amazon forest in relation to 2013. The official Brazilian deforestation in 2014 was four times larger, with 480,000 hectares.
The deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon has accelerated rapidly in the past two months, underscoring the shortcomings of the government’s environmental policies.
State exercises little control over remote Amazon region blighted by poverty and illiteracy, and organised crime fills the vacuum.
When forests are slashed into fragments, winds dry out the edges leading to dying trees and rising temperatures. Now, a new study finds another worrisome impact of forest fragmentation: carbon emissions.
More than 30 countries set the first-ever deadline on Tuesday to end deforestation by 2030, but the feasibility of such a goal was eroded when a key player, Brazil, said it would not join because it was not included in the planning process.
A declaration announced as part of a UN summit on climate change being held in New York also pledges to halve the rate of deforestation by the end of this decade and to restore hundreds of millions of acres of degraded land.
Despite repeated complaints from affected residents, national press and civil society organizations, illegal deforestation of primary forests in Tamshiyacu (Loreto) continues.
The study, Consumer Goods and Deforestation, says two countries – Brazil and Indonesia – account for 75% of the total area illegally cleared over the period.
Typically, countries start in poverty with their land covered in trees. As they clear it for farms or fuel, they get richer—until alarm bells ring and they attempt to recover their losses.