Mined Amazon has revealed 1,265 pending requests to mine in 26 Indigenous territories in Brazil that are home to isolated tribes. In 2020, half of the requests filed with the ANM were on lands with isolated tribes. Indigenous groups have filed a lawsuit with Brazil’s Supreme Federal Court against the government, and avert a “real risk of genocide” due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The mining has left deep scars in the Yanomami people and in their territory. Between 1986 and 1990, it is estimated that 20% of the population (1,800 people) died due to disease and violence caused by invading gold miners.
The Indian group has official protection, but its large reserve in Brazil is coveted by mining companies and large farming enterprises with political clout.