Researchers from American and European institutions have created a method to improve the planning and implementation of hydroelectric plants while reducing socio-environmental impacts on the rainforest.
Research shows that forest clearing reduced water flow and power generation in hydroelectric plants in the Center-West and Southeast of the country. Despite the environmental and electricity bill impacts, the government wants new power plants and dams on the Tapajós River.
Estimates indicate greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector will grow by 33% if amendments included in the omnibus bill, known as “tortoises”,are approved along with the privatization of the company, which is responsible for almost a third of energy produced in the country.
The appeal signed by 300 organizations around the world addresses the COP26. According to the document, hydroelectric power plants increase greenhouse gas emissions and deplete natural resources. In the Amazon, Belo Monte deforested an area larger than the city of São Paulo. Works at 12 hydroelectric plants could lead to the deforestation of 9,500 km2 in the Tapajós river basin.