Norte Energia concessionaire, owner of the Belo Monte Dam, under construction on the Xingu River, Brazil, was fined due to the large amount of dead fish as a result of the plant’s reservoir filling.
Before fishermen and now farmers by force, Juruna indigenous received new houses, energy and chicken coops. The compensation for the construction of the plant, however, has a high cost.
A Brazilian court has suspended the operating licence for the Belo Monte hydroelectric dam, one of the world’s largest, just weeks before its owner, planned to start electricity generation, prosecutors said.
In an article published on Science, researchers from eight countries criticize decision process for the construction of hydroelectric dams in tropical regions..
Experts claim that 450 dams can destroy one third of the world’s freshwater fishes in the Amazon, Congo and Mekong basins, where live 4000 species of freshwater fishes live.
The Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) granted on Tuesday (24) the environmental license for the Belo Monte dam to begin operation in Para State.
Documentary follows the deforestation made by Belo Monte to clean the area to be flooded. Trees are burnt irregularly and plant wastes hundreds of logs.
While wastes trees that brought down, the plant purchase irregular wood, warming up the criminal market that invade indigenous lands.
The president of the institution responsible for environment and natural resources of Brazil said that the licensing process is ahead and denied that IBAMA has rejected the operating license of the plant.
If Brazilian government gives the operating license to the hydroelectric and the 11 dam gates are closed, there will be 80% less water in Volta Grande. The natural cycle of ebbs and flows will no longer be the same.