The mining has left deep scars in the Yanomami people and in their territory. Between 1986 and 1990, it is estimated that 20% of the population (1,800 people) died due to disease and violence caused by invading gold miners.
Protected Areas and Indigenous Lands
In December 2015, Actualidad Ambiental reported that a large number of illegal miners were working on both sides of the Malinowski River, which separates the Tambopata National Reserve from its buffer zone.
Xipaya Indians and beiradeiros (river people), are finding a life in common in the village of Tukaya on the remote reaches of the Iriri River.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation has pledged another $100 million toward efforts to establish and support protected areas across the Andes-Amazon landscape.
Carlos Augusto da Silva, who walked the path of the excavation of artifacts and ancient pieces, is now a doctorate in archeology from the Federal University of Amazonas.
According to Funai, a group of Matís indigenous threatened employees and assaulted a doctor of the Special Indigenous Secretariat for Health in the Brazilian Ministry of Health.
Today’s small family-run Brazil nut processing center prospers, while Henry Ford’s rubber plantation and Julio Vito Pentagna Guimarāes’s mega-cattle ranch have been reclaimed by the jungle.
Two cases of prejudice and violence —the murders of Vitor and Dos Santos— are two extremes of a reality that is lived daily by Brazil’s indigenous population.