Agreements to regulate husbandry in Pará have advanced and serve as a model for adapting the production chains of other Amazonian states. Pará is the leader of the initiative.
Contrary to the issues debated at COP26, both houses of Congress are discussing bills that increase deforestation, give amnesty to public land grabbers and weaken the protection of indigenous peoples’ rights.
The executive secretary of the BR-319 Observatory, Fernanda Meirelles, tells about how the renovation plans for a stretch of almost 500 km advanced, trampling indigenous rights and ignoring incomplete environmental studies. This highway may aggravate deforestation in southern Amazonas, a region which already breaks records month after month.
Proposals allow for deforestation and construction projects in river and stream courses to irrigate crops and sustain farm animals. These changes can lead to an increase in the already historic drought plaguing the country.
Analysis by Raisg and MapBiomas shows forest loss equivalent to Chile’s entire land area. Pará deforested twice as much as all other Amazonian countries combined. Mining was the fastest-growing activity since 1985.
The appeal signed by 300 organizations around the world addresses the COP26. According to the document, hydroelectric power plants increase greenhouse gas emissions and deplete natural resources. In the Amazon, Belo Monte deforested an area larger than the city of São Paulo. Works at 12 hydroelectric plants could lead to the deforestation of 9,500 km2 in the Tapajós river basin.
A survey shows that failures in the control systems make it difficult to identify the origin of wood extracted from the Amazon, which increases the chances of criminal exploitation. Improving data transparency is essential to legalize production chains.
In the municipality of Altamira, Pará, almost 6,500 hectares of public forests were cut down in 2020. One of the people responsible deforested 60% of this area and did not stop even after being fined by Ibama.
Studies by Brazilian scientists show that deforestation, not droughts, has been the main agent behind fires. Public policies and reinforcement of control agencies are solutions to stop the loss of native vegetation.
Lawyer Luiz Eloy Terena, a Representative of the Coalition of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil (Apib) at the Brazilian Supreme Court hearing in question, comments on the importance of demarcating indigenous lands for the protection of the country’s natural resources. MapBiomas data shows that only 1.6% of Brazil’s deforestation occurred in Indigenous Lands over 36 years.